Arun Shourie, a noted Journalist, Activist, Scholar and Columnist is the author of several books, several of them on a diverse range of subjects related to his journalistic interests, including corruption and brilliant exposé of the Indian Communist party's long-standing anti-national policies.
Tuesday, December 29, 2015
Monday, December 21, 2015
There has never been a weaker Prime Minister's Office: Arun Shourie
Wednesday, December 16, 2015
To The Point: Arun Shourie On Growing Intolerance In India
Tuesday, December 15, 2015
Arun Shourie quotes Indra's Net to clarify 'vasudhaiva kutumbakam'
Arun Shourie's Lecture of Indra's Net
Monday, October 26, 2015
This government is Congress plus a cow, Arun Shourie says
"Doctor Singh (Manmohan Singh) ko log yaad karne lag gaye hain (people have started recalling the days of Manmohan Singh). The way to charaterise policies of the government is - Congress plus a cow. Policies are the same," Shourie said at book launch function.
The function to launch 'Turn of The Tortoise', a book written by former Business Standard Editor-in-Chief TN Ninan, was attended by Manmohan Singh, chief economic advisor Arvind Subranamian and former foreign secretary Shyam Saran.
Pointing out differences between the present and previous governments, Shourie said, "There is clearer belief (in the present dispensation) that managing economy means managing the headlines and this is not really going to work."
Targeting Modi, Shourie said, "I feel there was never a weaker PMO as now."
He added, "There has never been as great a centralisation of functions, not power, of functions in PMO as now. ...If fellows don't have domain expertise that Brajesh Mishra had, LK Jha had, all these principal secretaries had, then things get stuck."
Shourie said, "If you see impediments that were there in tax administration, virtually no change... Banking reform has been delayed by year and a half for no reason. So therefore this tortoise is very generous metaphor. Ye to so hi jata hai (this tortoise goes to sleep)."
He claimed that industrialists are afraid of speaking against the government.
"The industrialists who meet the Prime Minister don't speak whole truth. After meeting PM, they wonder what is happening and say 'please do something'. And in front of media they give the government 9 out of 10," Shourie claimed.
Shourie noted that Parliament has become alibi for not doing anything.
While taking digs at the Modi government, Shourie said it should embrace everybody instead of fighting.
"Don't get into fight with everyone. If you want to build Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor, you require support of 5 Chief Ministers," he said.
Speaking at the event, Arvind Subramanian said the work on the draft bankruptcy law is at an advanced stage.
Noting that India is one of unique development models, Subramanian said India is "a precautious development model" in both economic and political sense.
"India is a country which is not following normal economic development model...India is growing by defying its comparative advantage," he said.
"We have lots of space to grow using our cheap labour. If we don't do stupid things then we can grow very rapidly," he said.
Friday, August 21, 2015
Arun Shourie's Lecture on INDRA's Net Book launch of Rajiv Malhotra
Arun Shourie's Lecture on INDRA's Net - also mentions 1925 Sikhs Act
Tuesday, August 18, 2015
Arun Shourie at India Inclusion Summit 2014: How Being Selfish Can Help The World
Arun Shourie at India Inclusion Summit 2014: How Being Selfish Can Help The World
In this talk at IIS 2014, Arun Shourie beautifully explains the significance of service, opens up minds on opportunities and importance of time that we all have to make the world better.
Saturday, August 15, 2015
Discourse - His Holiness The Dalai Lama & his contribution to humanity (Part 1)
Discourse - His Holiness The Dalai Lama & his contribution to humanity (Part 1)
Arun Shourie : starts after 5: 21 in the video
Tuesday, August 11, 2015
Arun Shourie on Governance Deficit
Governance Deficit Observer Research foundation
Thursday, July 9, 2015
Shourie defends Bimal Roy’s removal as Indian Statistical Institute Director
High-level team likely to probe allegations against Roy
The government and the Indian Statistical Institute (ISI) seem to be unperturbed over the controversies on the unexpected removal of statistician Bimal Roy as the Director of the Kolkata-based academic institute.
Defending the decision to remove the Padma Shri award winner Roy from the post, ISI Chairman and senior BJP leader Arun Shourie said the government had no option before it.
Shourie told BusinessLine that there is nothing wrong in Roy’s removal and the decision was taken in the best interest of ISI. “The government had no option but to use the powers it had under the ISI Act. He (Roy) created a situation which would have paralysed the institution and vitiated the atmosphere. All the facts, circumstances and the law have been set out in the records of the Institute and has been furnished to the Government,” Shourie said taking “full responsibility” for the step which has been taken.
Indications are there that a high-level team of the Ministry for Statistics and Programme Implementation is likely to visit Kolkata soon to probe the allegations against Roy.
The Ministry order removing Roy had said that it has information on “a number of general and specific matters of financial and administrative irregularities”.
The government also cited Section 11 and 12 of the Indian Statistical Act to justify its Act. A source who is aware of the developments in the ISI said Roy declined to sign in the order of appointment of his predecessor despite directions from the governing council.
“He delayed the appointment of the director. He leaked out to the media the minutes of the internal proceedings of the council,” the source said.
Excellence under assault: Arun Shourie
Former Union Minister Arun Shourie on Friday said excellence is under assault due to vote bank politics.“Standards are dismissed as a conspiracy of the rich and well-connected to keep the poor down,” he said, participating in the Indian Institute of Science’s Alumni Global Conference. He said there is a dire need for at least the top 20 institutions of excellence in India to have a close interaction among themselves to learn from one another.
Referring to the trend of higher learning institutions showing eagerness to sign MoUs for research collaborations with foreign institutions while ignoring reputed ones within the country, he suggested that such collaborations should be established with other institutions within the country.Mr. Shourie said it was a matter of concern that the country did not have biographies of famous scientists like Satish Dhawan despite them being h...
Wednesday, May 13, 2015
#BlrLitFest - 14 | Arun Shourie On Fatwas, Fascism and Falling Over Backwards
Day 3 -Stage 1
Wednesday, May 6, 2015
#BlrLitFest - 14 | Shekhar Gupta & Arun Shourie
Day 3- Stage 1
Monday, May 4, 2015
Let’s not be in a hurry to resolve border dispute with China: Arun Shourie
China sees India as a potential nuisance, let’s not be in a hurry to resolve the border dispute when the distance is as vast as it is now, Arun Shourie tells National Editor (News Operations) Rakesh Sinha in an interview days before Narendra Modi leaves for China.
How do you view the Prime Minister’s forthcoming visit to China?
Arguably the principal achievement of Mr Narendra Modi has thus far been the energy and the clear focus he has brought to foreign policy. A distinguished academic was pointing out the other day that the backdrop of each of the PM’s visits abroad has been China: those to Japan, to Fiji, to Australia, to the two Pacific Powers — US and Canada; the fact that our President was in Vietnam on the eve of President Xi’s visit to India; the Prime Minister’s visits to countries in the Indian Ocean. The GCF — the Greatest Common Factor — in these has been one: China. Hence, a clear focus.
Does this suggest that he sees China as the main problem for India?
I certainly cannot say how he sees China. But the fact is that, while Pakistan is the immediate problem, China is the principal challenge in the long run — and in part Pakistan is a problem because of China. China’s great skill has been the manipulation of power and the symbols of power. It has a definite view of its place in the world: that it must be the dominant power in Asia now, and the principal power in the world tomorrow.
And don’t forget the success that they have already achieved towards these goals. China is the most significant factor in international calculations today: its economy is five times that of India; its foreign exchange reserves are ten times ours; its defence spending is three-and-a-half times that of Japan. No country in Asia, and much farther afield, takes a decision without factoring in China’s likely reaction. On the contrary, even allies of the USA are only too willing to head for the Chinese door disregarding reactions of the US: look how 42 countries have already signed up for the Infrastructure Bank that will be dominated by China.
But isn’t the Chinese economy facing deep problems today?
Indeed, it is: the property and stock markets have swollen as bubbles. Local governments have been on a building spree through “shadow banking”. And so on. But China’s problems are not going to solve ours: all they can do is that they may give us a little more time. More important, who knows how China will react if it really landed in serious problems: will it lunge for external belligerence to divert attention of its people?
And please remember, nor is it just that they have acquired capacity, they have acquired the necessary reputation: that they are entirely capable of using force to enforce their interests and claims; that—the complete opposite of the US— China will stay the course: its territorial claims vis a vis countries that it regards as its rivals — Japan — or mere “squatters”— as it sees the countries with claims to the Spratly Islands, say.
Where does India fit into its worldview?
A fundamental objective of China’s strategic doctrine has been to “manage the periphery” — this originally meant the areas from which hostile hordes could descend and wreak defeats on the Chinese. But in general it means all areas from which China’s interests can be hurt: today, with the advance of technologies, etc., the US can affect China’s interests; and so, the US too must be managed. We, in any case, are literally on its periphery.
It views India as a potential nuisance—one that must be kept busy in South Asia. And it has a willing instrument in Pakistan to do so. The Wiles of War, a Chinese war-classic, advises, “Murder with a borrowed knife”! Second, the Chinese establishment has long felt that Indians are a docile people who will always be doing somebody’s bidding: first they did what the British wanted; then India was under the tutelage of the Soviet Union; now, in their assessment, it is becoming the instrument of the Americans.
Trade with China has grown to $70 billion today. Won’t this so enmesh the interests of India and China that China will come to value India’s partnership?
That is a complete delusion — the delusion that trade, and even economic interests in the large will deflect China from its central objective, of power, of domination. The Japanese leadership reasoned the same way twenty years ago. And see what they are experiencing at the hands of China today. Second, we must look at the nature of our trade with China: we are exporting raw materials — iron ore, bauxite — and importing finished goods: so many of our companies, for instance in electronic items, have become just traders in Chinese goods. Isn’t that precisely the kind of trade against which Indian nationalists, from Dadabhai Naoroji on, protested? And then, before going gaga over that figure of $70 billion, remember that is the total value of trade: it is made up of $15 billion of exports from India to China, and $5 billion imports from China into India!
What about soliciting Chinese investments, especially in what is one of the main priorities of this government, infrastructure?
Two points. First, assume a contract is given to a Chinese firm to lay a rail track: won’t that involve the same problems—land acquisition, etc.—that an Indian firm would have to face? And if you are prepared to clear the way for that Chinese firm, why not for an Indian firm? Second, several types of projects and infrastructure have security implications: power, for instance, telecom infrastructure certainly. And China’s record in penetrating networks, for instance computer networks, has been documented time and again: you just have to read the Munk Center’s report on how China penetrated computer networks of over a hundred countries — including India, of course — and used this to send key data from these in real time to Chinese bases; or the earlier Cox Committee’s report to the US Congress: you just have to glance through these and you will see what we will be opening ourselves to if we were to allow them entry into infrastructure in sectors like telecom. So, my response would be: extreme wariness.
You imply that India isn’t able to meet the Chinese challenge or threat on its own. What should it do?
First, as we are not able to equal China’s acquisition of influence, yes, we must seek common ground with all countries that are apprehensive of China today—for sharing intelligence and assessments; for coordinating positions in international organisations and negotiations; for technology acquisition, etc. For instance, we must exert ourselves to the maximum to make common cause with countries along the Mekong that are as worried by the steps that China is taking to divert waters. But we must always remember that, just as we will not go to war to safeguard anybody else’s interests, no one will go to war with China, or even sacrifice any vital interest of its own because China has grabbed more territory in Ladakh or Arunachal, or because they are diverting Tibetan waters to the east and north of China. Look at the way NATO has remained paralysed over Ukraine. Hence, the first point is: closer relationships with other countries, most certainly; but there is no substitute for building what the Chinese call Comprehensive National Strength.
Second, true, there is a substantial backlash against China’s overt aggressiveness—from East and Southeast Asia to Africa to Latin America — but we have to be able to and adroit enough to take advantage of it. The first requisite is to follow up on the Prime Minister’s visits we talked of earlier: execute the projects that have been announced or agreed with those countries. We also have a reputation for forgetting about the agreements and announcements that were made and the MoUs that were signed, once the visit is over.
Let’s talk about the PM’s visit. What do you think he should bear in mind?
First and foremost, he must bear in mind how the Chinese swept Panditji off his feet. They zeroed in on his intense desire to be a world leader. Remember how Chou En-lai — one of the 20th Century’s great masters of diplomacy — dissimulated as an eager student: asking Panditji about Indochina, about world affairs. Soon, Panditji was asking him whether, in addition to what Chou had asked, he would not also like to know about the Arabs, about U Nu, about the difference between the two types of Buddhism… The next day, Panditji wrote to Krishna Menon that he had found Chou to be not well informed about world affairs, but that after their meeting he was better equipped! And how the Chinese completely bowled him over during his visit to China — with uncountable crowds, and the rest. So much so that, after a strenuous day, Panditji was writing a long letter to Edwina Mountbatten: a wave of freedom has swept over China because of my visit, he wrote . . . What a tragedy.
At the least, we should not fool ourselves. When President Hu Jintao came to India in 2006, the then Foreign Minister told our Parliament that, as a result of the talks, China supported India’s case for becoming a member of the Security Council. There was absolutely nothing to that effect in the Joint Declaration. In fact, China was even then blocking and continued to block all attempts to enlarge and reform the Security Council.
I would go further. As Mr Shyam Saran reminded us in his K Subramaniam Lecture, the Prime Minister must remember that the Chinese regard deception, double-talk to be just elements of statecraft, and would be astonished, even offended, if you held the deceptions against them. He recalled how, on his visit to Peking, Mr R K Nehru had told Chou en-Lai that China’s statements on Kashmir seemed to call into question India’s position in regard to J&K being a part of India. Chou had asked, “Has China ever said that India’s position on J&K is wrong?” We had taken this to be endorsement of our position. On a subsequent visit, R K Nehru drew Chou’s attention to the fact that by then Chinese statements had begun mirroring Pakistan’s position even more closely. He reminded Chou of what Chou had said on their last interaction: “Has China ever said that India’s position on J&K is wrong?” Chou now asked in return, “But has China ever said that India’s position on Kashmir is correct?”
The same sequence had been played out with Panditji directly. Panditji had remonstrated with Chou how Chinese government maps showed vast swathes of India to be part of China. Chou had said that these were “old Kuomintang maps” and the Chinese government had not had the time to check them for accuracy. Panditji had taken this to be an endorsement of our position in regard to the border with China. When some years later, Panditji pointed to the maps, and reminded Chou of what he had said earlier, Chou turned around and said in effect, “Indeed, these are old maps. We have checked them. They set out the border correctly.”
And now the same thing has been happening in regard to the agreement on principles for settlement of the border dispute that was signed in 2005.
Does this mean that India remains suspicious forever, does nothing to solve the border dispute?
Not at all. We should, of course, explore whatever measures can be taken to minimise incidents on the border. But we really should, one, not be in a hurry to “solve” the dispute — especially not when the distance between China and India is as vast as it has become; two, always remember that an agreement is worth something only if you can make it expensive for the other side to violate it.
But what if some local commander in Ladakh takes it into his head to take a swipe? Decides to thrust a thousand Chinese soldiers into Ladakh at the very time their President is in Delhi? Are relations between two great countries to be mortgaged to local commanders?
It will be worse than foolish to make-believe that the foray at the border or the reiteration of the claim to Arunachal is the work of some local commander, or some PLA general. The PLA has always been subordinate to the Chinese Communist Party. President Xi is the chairman of the Military Commission also. And especially these days, the PLA leadership is very much on the defensive because of the anti-corruption drive: a very large number of generals and other senior officers are under investigation.
Therefore, do not fool yourself into believing that what happens is without direction from the high leadership of China. And look, not at what they are saying, look at what they are doing. One of our wisest strategic thinkers, General V Raghavan, tells us how they lull others by talking “strategic reassurance”, even as they foment “tactical turbulence”. And in our case, they are moving fast to reinforce not just tactical but strategic inequality: from Arunachal to the ring of ports, to the projects they are executing in PoK; from the planned railway line to Kathmandu to the militarisation of Tibet; from blocking ADB loan for a mere technical study for a project in Arunachal to preventing reform of the Security Council; even as they forcibly alter the rules of international order in the South China Sea and in regard to the Air Notification Zone in East Asia . . .
So in your view what should the government be doing?
First and foremost, we must speak clearly to the Chinese about our concerns: about their assertions that Arunachal is just a part of “Southern Tibet”; about infrastructure projects they are executing in PoK [even before the latest announcements in Pakistan, there were already 35 of these]; about the transfer of arms, of atomic and missile know-how to Pakistan; about incursions across the border; about diversion of Tibetan waters; about the military bases in Tibet; about naval bases around India.
Won’t raising these issues guarantee a failure of the talks?
Josh Malihabadi put it well: Badi kartaa hai dushman aur hum sharmaye jaatey hain! The adversary rains evil and we cringe in shyness.
Raising issues apart, what more should the government do?
We must do everything possible to speed up development of the Northeast—and that does not mean just throwing money at the region; and ensuring that people from the region feel welcome and esteemed everywhere in India. Beware of opening up the border towards Kunming: that will only clear the gates for China to suck the Northeast into the Chinese “sphere of prosperity”. Second, we must reflect on what reconciling ourselves to Chinese occupation of Tibet has cost us. Our interests, our security are deeply intertwined with those of Tibet. There are several reasons why China is now fabricating and pressing its claims in regard to Arunachal. But one reason clearly is that it is preparing itself for the post-Dalai Lama time: that no reincarnation may be claimed to have taken place in Tawang, for instance, as is said to have happened in the case of the Sixth Dalai Lama. The slightest easing on such matters will have catastrophic consequences. Whatever the Chinese say, we must leave no one in any doubt that we will continue to support the Dalai Lama, and his successors.
We should go further and think in terms of a Buddhist civilisational challenge to China: careful observers of China report that large numbers of Chinese are turning again to dharma: including relatives of very high personages of the current government of China. But to do so, we must learn about Buddhism. We must revere those who practise it: especially the masters who are in India itself. Everyone will see through our efforts if we just use Buddhism as a device to attract tourists. Nor can we convince anyone that we are the land of the Buddha, that we greatly treasure the teachings and memory of the Buddha, and simultaneously try to snatch the Bodh Gaya temple from Buddhists.
What if you were asked to suggest just one or two things to the PM?
Don’t worry; I am not going to be asked. But if I were asked, I would say: one, do not disregard the institutional memory of the Ministry of External Affairs; more than that, two, spend time with those — persons like General Raghavan and Shyam Saran whom I mentioned — who have spent years and years studying China, and its methods. When you meet them, reflect carefully on views and assessments that are contrary to your instincts: remember the consequences that flowed from the heavy hand by which Panditji throttled the views which he said were contrary to his world view—those of the Counsel General in Lhasa, the Political Officer in Gangtok… to say nothing of the letter of Sardar Patel.
Saturday, May 2, 2015
To The Point: Arun Shourie On The Modi Government
Friday, April 10, 2015
Arun Shourie on Role of Professionals and Entrepreneurs
“Forecasting is a treacherous exercise specially if it is about the future but for us it is equally difficult to forecast the past.”
“One thing we should know is that future is going to be determined by the forces which are not in our control and our heckling is not going to stop time.We feel that if we want to stop WTO then WTO will stop but the world goes on.They are not going to slow down they are not going to muffle the effects of their advances on us just because we are not able to sort our problems out.And we must also realise that people are much bolder in facing the future trying new things then governments.Governments are more stuck in the ideas of past.Take the case of GM crops – what is the area under GM cotton in Gujarat today ? Almost completely. And now government is deciding whether there will be trials of GM crops or not.”
These developments will have life and death consequences on us as an individuals, organisations and as a country.So the outcome will depend on how we prepare ourselves to either take advantage of those opportunities or to ward off their effects that are going to come.We are going stay at even modest growth rate of 5 and 6% a middle income country let us say in two three decades.At that time then youths will be demanding jobs which will then meet their aspirations.In Punjab youth don’t want to work in agriculture sector.If the country is not able to provide the right kind of jobs or if the government is not able to provide what other middle income countries provide then you will have social unrest.In Punjab as we can see people are taking to drugs and other things because there is just nothing to do.So relentless, unending accelerating change having life and death consequences in every sphere that is our future.
For us in India intimidation is argument as on TV debates and assault is proof.
Friday, April 3, 2015
Arun Shourie on Preparing India for the Future
with the problems automatically solutions come
“Economies grow by human effort, not by human design”.
Wednesday, March 11, 2015
Arun Shourie on UPA 1’s “dream team” back in 2009
Shri Arun Shourie’s Book “We Must Have No Price” can be purchased from Amazon – click here and Flipkart – click here.
“And the team that has taken office this time is more reassuring. The principal ministers are persons of substantial experience; none of them has the sort of taint that marred several ministers in the first Manmohan Singh Government; equally important, the principal ministers are ones who are less liable to ignite the acrimony that characterised the last five years.”
“We must remember that, yes, the country has enormous potential and, in the last ten years, we have had but a glimpse of what can be achieved; but, it is just as true that, unless we mend our ways, unless we improve our governance and discourse, the country can get stuck in that well-documented pit, the middle-income trap: Brazil, Mexico, Thailand, Philippines and so many other countries also registered spurts of high growth rats, only to get stuck before attaining their full potential. In a word, all sides have been afforded an unexpected opportunity to do right by the country; they must seize it, inside Parliament as much as outside.”
“Both in regard to internal security as well as fortifying ourselves against external aggression, we face a dire situation.”
“For we should not forget that, because Reforms had been brought to a standstill, the momentum of growth had already begun to slow down well before the international economic meltdown. By March 2008, to cite just one example, over 25 lakh jobs had already been lost in the three sectors. Several reforms, like the dismantling of the Administered Price Mechanism in the petroleum sector, were actually reversed. Similarly, several initiatives which were going to restore our competitivene3ss, had been brought to naught: when we met industrialists in October 2008, we were astonished to learn that for almost nine months there had been absolutely no disbursements from the Textile Modernisation Fund.”
Sunday, March 8, 2015
Arun Shourie on the Environment debate
Shri Arun Shourie’s Book “We Must Have No Price” can be purchased from Amazon – click here and Flipkart – click here.
Wednesday, March 4, 2015
Is Modi going to be India's Hitler? : Karan Thapar to Arun Shourie
Published on Apr 21, 2014
As far as opinion polls go, there seems to be little doubt that a BJP-led coalition government headed by Narendra Modi will come to power at the centre this year. However, while some believe that Modi's brand of dynamic and decisive leadership is exactly the cure that an ailing Indian economy needs at the moment, his seemingly 'communal' attitude has also given many a big cause for concern. Arun Shourie, former journalist, author and former Union Minister in the previous NDA regime, in this candid interview with Karan Thapar, seeks to allay those fears.